PLJEVLJA – Northern gate of Montenegro
In the northernmost part of Montenegro, surrounded by forested and gentle mountains and surrounded by river streams of Tara, Cehotina and Breznica, lies the Pljevlja municipality, the third largest city in Montenegro. Achieves the tenth part of the state territory or 1.346 km2, and lives in it every two-thirds of Montenegrins or about 32,000 citizens.
The administrative center of the municipality is the city of Pljevlja which, due to its favorable geographic position, at the crossroads of important old and new roads, has changed the name, significance and conquerors through history while retaining a recognizable city identity. The stamp of rich historical and cultural heritage was given by Illyrians, Romans, Slovenes, Turks and Austrians who for centuries conquered and swarmed for Pljevlja.
The oldest traces of the Ilira settlement originate from the third century BC and that the Romans here also witnessed the excavations of the town of Municipium S in the Communes of the Second Age of the New Era. The most famous exhibit of that time is the Glass Bowl of Diazettes, wrapped in a blue glass net and the inscription “Vivas Panelleni bona” below the rim.
The Middle Ages of Pljevlja gave the epithet of the intersection. This was followed by the trade caravans from the west to the mighty Carigrad, and since that time Pljevlja has been in force for the merger of Christianity and Islam. During this period, the most beautiful monuments of these two religions in the area of South East Europe were constructed, which are the symbols of the city and the seal of eternal tolerance, coexistence, multiethnicity, culture and the architectural sights – Monastery of Holy Trinity and Hussein Pasha’s Mosque.
The remains of two fortresses – a town from the 15th century, Koznik and Kukanj, as well as a significant number of tombstones – tombstone monuments, testify to the medieval significance of this area.
Not far from the city center is one of the most beautiful city parks in Montenegro, and the first seedlings in the famous Miletus garden were planted by Austro-Hungarian soldiers. This decorated green complex represents a sort of ecological oasis, abundant with rich and varied shrubs, but also a sports recreational complex, landscaped paths for walking and recreation, artificial lakes, springs of drinking water …
Only thirty kilometers from the city is Ljubisna, a proud Queen of Dinaric Mountains with its jungle pine and frog trees, unique in Europe, springs of drinking water and a legend about the forbidden love for which it was named. Equally appealing in summer and winter just like Kovac, Kosanica, canyons of Cephotos and Drage and the particularly magnificent canyon Tare crossed by the Great Bridge on Đurđević Tari, which in the 1970s was inspiration and Hollywood film admirers.
Nature in Pljevlja was selfless to man. Fishing, rafting, caving, canyoning, horseback riding, cycling, hiking, hiking, climbing, paragliding, jeep tours, excursions, camping … are some of the activities that the natural environment of the city provides.
The rural area of the municipality, with about 150 rural settlements, characterizes untouched nature and a preserved environment where healthy organic food is produced.
Surrender to the adventures in nature, and in a matter of hours return to the city and the turtle drum. Do not miss out on the rich dining area of this region and the famous salami cheese.
HISTORY OF PLJEVLJA
In the poems scattered in the beautiful kasaba, he still keeps some of that dread that has recommended it through history. History states that the first settlement in this region, in Komino, dates back to the second century of the new era, known in the literature as Municipium S. The most famous exhibit of this time is the Glass Bowl of Drift, covered with a blue glass net and the inscription “Vivas Panelleni bona”, below perimeter.
In the Middle Ages, Breznik was named Breznik. In the XII century, large mineral resources were discovered and the skilled Saxons, the miners of German origin, arrived.
In the mid-15th century, the Pljevlja became part of the Ottoman Empire, on the big door. Namely, the place, the name of Taslidža, was on very important caravans. There came those who traveled from Kotor to the north, but also the skilled merchants from Dubrovnik. It soon became the seat of the cadillac, and then, as a real sheriff, deserved to be the seat of Hercegovački sandžak from 1576 until 1833.
The golden age of the city is experienced in the seventeenth century. Turkish writer Evli Čelebi records that Taslidza has 500 houses, and the Venetian record adds a hundred more. There were more than 200 stores in the zirc, and florists had fine crafts like goldsmiths and shrubs, so the whole family got their last name by those crafts. Still, what the city recommended far away was an artillery rifle shop, and craftsmen from the plundering sheriff did not allow outsiders and “arrivals” to deal with the unique creation of weapons considered artwork.
And when it burned it in the fire in 1818, the whole fortress and when the terrible plague was half the population that decades later, there is enough perseverance in the hospitable and humane sheriffs to preserve the looks and splendor of their fine houses, gardens and farmers.
The songs were screaming. One says that “Taslidza falls in the fog”, and the other tells the story of the famous beauties of the very “jordamli hanumama”, which means that they are very brave and what is not when Taslidza then speaks as “a small Istanbul “.
And to be truly a shadow of this, the Emperor Vizier Hussein Pasha Boljanić, a native of this area, took care of it. He gave the city a mosque, a horseshoe, a clock-tower, a caravan-saraj, a haman and a bazaar. To date Husein Pasha Mosque is considered to be one of the most beautiful sacral objects of Islamic culture in the whole Balkan region.
Even today, the water splashes from the horseshoe at the entrance to the beautiful and luxuriant plumage, and the clock counts time on sahat-kuli in the center of Pljevalja, the small town known since the 1950s on coal, and from the 80s and thermoelectric power plants, be recognized by a large number of successful athletes.
The history of plucking is more than interesting, and the disadvantage many forget it.
But there is always a silent song about the “little Carinthia” near the pine forest and the breeding hens …….